Volleyball is one of the most popular sports in the world. The homeland of volleyball is the United States of America. Invented a new game in 1895. William Morgan is the head of physical education at the Union of Young Christians (UMSA) in Holyoke, Massachusetts. In 1895, in the gym, he hung a tennis net at a height of 197 cm, and his students, the number of which was not limited on the court, began to throw a basketball chamber through it. Morgan called the new game Minton.
The name of the new game was given by Dr. Alfred Halstead, a lecturer at Springfield College: volleyball is a flying ball. In 1896 volleyball was first shown to the public. And a year later the first rules of the game were published in the USA, which had only 10 paragraphs.
Several years passed, and met volleyball in Canada, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Peru, Brazil, Uruguay, Mexico. In 1913 The Pan-Asian Games hosted a volleyball tournament in which teams from Japan, China, and the Philippines participated.
Volleyball was introduced to Europe at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1914 they started playing it in England. Volleyball is becoming especially popular in France, where it appeared in 1917. In the 20s it develops in Poland, Czechoslovakia, the USSR. In our country, volleyball began to play in Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, and later – in Moscow.
The first official championships of countries across the European continent begin to be held. Along with the proliferation of volleyball in the world, the rules of the game improved, equipment and tactics changed, technical techniques were formed. Volleyball is becoming an increasingly collective game. Players begin to apply power feeds, widely introduce deceptive punches into the game, pay much attention to the transmission technique, the role of defense is growing, the game is becoming more dynamic.
In the homeland of volleyball, in the USA, the first official competitions took place in 1922. in brooklyn. At the same time, the Americans made a proposal to include volleyball in the program of the Olympic Games in 1924, but this proposal did not receive support.
In 1934 At the international meeting of representatives of sports federations in Stockholm, it is proposed to create a technical volleyball commission. The Commission included 13 European countries, 5 countries of the American continent and 4 Asian countries, the American rules of the game were taken as a basis.
In April 1947 in Paris, at the first congress on volleyball, it was decided to create the International Volleyball Federation (FIVB).
USSR national volleyball team. World Championship 1949 in Rome in 1948 The FIVB held the first European championship among men’s teams in volleyball history, in which 6 countries participated. The first place was won by the team of Czechoslovakia. A year later, in Prague, the first world championship was held, in which 10 men’s teams participated, and the first European championship for women. World champions and European champions were representatives of the USSR.
The first USSR national volleyball team – Olympic champions. 1964 Volleyball received Olympic recognition only in 1957, but for the first time it was included in the Games program only at the XYIII Olympiad of 1964. in Tokyo. Then six women’s and ten men’s teams arrived in the Japanese capital. The first Olympic champions were the national teams of the USSR (men) and Japan (women). At the Tokyo Games, volleyball was athletic. The superiority of the powerful attack over the defense was obvious, so the international federation somewhat modernized the rules of volleyball. The players of the defending team were allowed to transfer their hands to the opponent’s side when blocking and touch the ball again after blocking. The innovation balanced the possibilities of attack and defense. Volleyball has become more speedy and emotional.
At the Olympic tournaments, the USSR national teams achieved the greatest success: women in 1968, 1972, 1980 and 1988, men in 1964, 1968 and 1980 and the Japanese team: women in 1964 and 1976, and the men’s team in 1972.
The FIVB international calendar includes, in addition to Olympic tournaments, the world championships for women and men’s teams, the European championships for adult and youth teams, the European Cup competitions for country champions and the Cup Winners Cup; a whole series of new major tournaments arose: the Japan Cup, the FIVB Cup, the Samaranch Cup, our memorial Savvin and Chinilin …
In volleyball, technical and tactical foundations are constantly being improved. To the three allowed touches, one more thing was added – from the block, the transfer of hands by blockers through the grid was allowed. At the same time, the reception of the ball from above, on the fingers, practically disappeared – such was the force of strikes by the attackers. But the highlight of volleyball is the desperate throws of the defenders diving behind the “dead” balls. Indeed, without the ability to save the situation, the volleyball spring will weaken at all costs. In this game, the obsession for attack and the inspiration of defense are juxtaposed and contrasted. According to many coaches, tomorrow’s volleyball is a game of tall, real athletes, the future belongs to two-meter generalists, players capable of performing any functional duties on the site.
Sergey Tetyukhin, Igor Kolodinsky. Photo from Kupava Olympic offspring appeared in Olympic volleyball, which managed to gain popularity. In Atlanta, in 1996, beach volleyball debuted on the Atlanta Beach artificial beach.
The playing field for both types of volleyball is the same, but on the beach the team consists of two players, and indoors – of six. Players can specialize indoors, but they must be able to do everything on the beach: serve, block, put out, and more.
Beach volleyball originated in Southern California in 1940, and today it is experiencing its boom.